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Qorshaha Weyn ee lagu Qasayo  Gobolad Koonfurta iyo Dhexe ee Soomaaliya(Grand Destabilization of South Central Somalia )

WAA NASIIB XUMO in warbaahinta SOOMAALIDU wixii la sheego ugu celceliyaan siday yihiin iyagoo aan isha ay ka soo baxayso fiirineyn. Ma eegaan qorshaha ka dambeeya iyo warka ay SOOMAALIDA u gudbinayaan in uu yahay mid dan gaara ay dawlada gaari ka leeyihiiin. Ma eegaan warkaasi in uu SOOOMAALINIMADA halis ku yahay haddii sidiisii loo gudbiyo. Sidaa darteed halkan waxaan ku eegeynaa qorshaha "Grand Destabilization of South Central Somalia" oo warbaahinta Soomaalidu "Stablization" ka dhigaan iyagoo ku celcelinaya waxa Itoobiya iyo Kiiniya rabaan oo dawlad-ku-sheega indha'ha la'i qalinka ku duugeen.

Ugu horeyn waa in Soomaalidu fahamtaa qorshahaa magaca IGAD la siiyey, waa "Grand Stabilization of South Central Somalia", inuu ku gaar yahay oo keliya Itoobiya iyo Kiiniya. Lixda dal oo kale, waa Djibouti, Eritrea, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, oo IGAD ka tirsan xitaa kama ahayn xubno gudida Joint Committee ee waxaa waday oo ka soo shaqeeyey.

Labadaa dal ayaa dejistey iyagoo si cad u le hadda SOOMAALI waa ku guuleysaney in wixii la odhan jiray "SOOMAALI WEYN RAADIN-irredentism" laga tirtirey; hadda waa ku guuleysanay in cabsidii KIINIYA iyo Itoobiya lixdameeyadii isu keentay oo mideysan, si ay SOOMAALIYA uga hortagaan, in ay meesha ka baxdo. Markay sidaa is tusiyeen waxay isku raaceen in gudaha SOOMAALIYA ay ka abuuraan hannaan aan SOOMAALI weligeed isu imaneyn oo xilligii dawladihii hore oo kale Somalia marna noqon. Waa hanaanka ka muuqda "Grand Stabilization of South Central Somalia" ee ay markaa dejiyeen. Taa waxay ku abuureen AZAANIYA iyo in Itoobiya gobola dhan isaga maamulato sidii ay JIGJIGA iyo WARDHEER oo kale yihiin. AZAANINAYA waa ka takhaluseen iyadoo gobolada kalena aan lagala hadli karin oo maamul in ay dadku sameystaan aaney u ogoleyn laakiin iyagu ku madaadilayaan waxbaan idiin sameyneynaa. Meesha iyadu ma jirto dawlad Soomaaliyeed oo Itoobiya iyo Kiiniya ku dhacda iney su'aasho dalka waxay u joogaan. Waa iney Soomalidu wada amaanaan labadaa dal. JABHADA Xamar  ee Xassan horboodayo, iyaga hadalkooda daa kuwa Jubaland jooga oo kaba-qaadka u ah Kiiniyaatiga, iyana waxay moodayaan in amaantaa ay debinka labadaa dal kaga bixi karaan. Hortaa jireba taa ku quusey. Soomaali ba'dooy yaa ku le' ( waa halkii la odhan jiray "Reer ba'aw yaa ku le').

Waxa la yaab le dawlad-ku-sheega Soomaaliya in ay Itoobiya iyo Kiiniya ugu yeedhaan qorshahaaa ay dejistaan oo guddidaa labada dala ee duminta ka shaqeynayey AFAR XUBNOOD loogu daro. CAJIIB!!! DALKA MA LABADAA DAL BAA LE!!!!

IGADETHIOPIA

Qorshahaa xilli dawlad-ku-meel gaar ah la yahay ayaa labadaa dal dejisteen si ay tuulooyinka iyo gobolada Soomaaliya u qasaan oo wixii dib-u-heshiinsiinta ay 20 sanno Soomaali ku baabi'inayey hadda u bedelaan FEDERAALIISAM XAARAAN ah oo gobolba gobol laga horkeenayo. Azaniniyadey qorshahaa ku sameysteen waa kuwii dumiyey. Aadan Madoobey ku abuurteen iyo adeegayaasha Kiiniyaatigu Jubaland geystey oo beri ayey dumin doonaan iyagoo biidhi-qaatayaal kale meesha soo gelinaya. Haddana jabhada Xamar. dawlad uma qalato in lagu magcaabee, ee Xassan Shiikh hogaamiyo ayey xubno ugu dareen. Sidaasay dawlad-ku-sheegiisa oo aan tuula ka talin waqtiga uga dhameyn doonaan ama ugu hanjebi doonaan in ay xukunka ka tuurayaan hadduu ka hor yimaado. Soomali tan hadda lagu sii duminyaa waxay dhextaalaa kuwa sidii jabhad Hawiye u dhaqmaya oo dawlad-ku-sheega oo Xamar jooga iyo kuwa sidii Jabhad Daarood u dhaqmaya oo Jubaland jooga. Waxa eeda ugu weyn qaadi doona JABHADA Xassan maadaama ay dawlad tahay oo garan karto dhagarta labadaa wadan. Ma aheyn in ay isu dhiibto ITOOBIYA iyo KIINIYA oo qorshahoodaaa SOOMAALI lagu dumin dooono xubna ku darsato. Waxay aheyd in ay dalbato in dib loo eego waxa oo dhan iyadoo IGAD oo dhan laga qeyb gelinayo ama laga wareejinayo maadaama la dareemi karo TAMAR LA'AANTA iyo TOL LA'AANTA Soomali heysata..

Hogaamiyaha Jahbahadda Hawiyisamka aaminsan ee Xassan Shiikh oo ay AMISOM ilaashato sababta uu la saxiixay waxay la tahay in uu IGAD garab kaga helayo oo ku jabin karo jabhadda Daaroodiisamka aaminsan ee Kiiniyaatugu Kismaayo keensaday. Labadooduba ha ogaadeen waa la isku dirayaa oo la kala diri doonaa. Halkaana Soomaalinimadii ayaa aakhiro loogu dirayaa. Soomaalidu waa ilowday casharkii qadhaadhaa ee Maxkamadihii iyo Dawladii Cabdulaahi Yuusuf ee la isku diray oo la kala diray. Dhaxalkeedii taa waxay noqotay in caasimadii Xamar uu taangi Itoobiyaanii yimaado iyo Muqdisho oo baaba'a maanta ka muuqata taankiyadoodii kaga taageen. Labadii waxma-garato ee qabiiliystayaasha ahaa, waa Yuusuf iyo Geedi, waxay mareen halkii la mariyey maxkamadihii arragtida gaabnaa ee indha' la'aanta socday oo waxay ku wada dhaceen debinka Itoobiya iyo Kiiniya.

Soomaalidu ma wada umul baa ilowsha dhowaa. Waa tii shalay kuraasi la isla dhici jiray marka "frontline" la sheego. Ku soo dhowaada xilligan SOOMAALIDU u kala ordayaaan kuwaa maanta. Ku soo dhowaada xilligan SOOMAALIDU ciidanka labadaa ee guumeysanay SOOMAALI anney i taageersan yihiin ay ku faanayaan. Ku doo dhowaada xilligan SOOMAALIDU ku dhacday qorshaha dhagareedka AMISOM oo mas'uuliyad ugu weyn le in ITOOBIYA iyo KIINIYA siday doonaan SOOMAALIYA ka yeelaan. Ku soo dhowaada xilligan DAWLADDA XAMAR oo joogtada lagu magcaabo aaney caqli iyo garasho meesha ku heyn. Ku soo dhowaada xilliga SOOMAALI loo dhoodhoobay BAARLAMAAN ku sheeg qaad cunkuun ku fiican oo aan dareensaneyn waxa dalka ka socda. Ku soo dhowaada xilligan Dawlad-Ku-SHEEGU ay aqbalayaan in dalkoodii istaraatijayad dawlada cadawtinimo lagu yaqaaney dejisteen.

IGADISEthiopia

Jabhadaa Xamar waxay sharaf moodeen gudida labadaa dal sameysteen in Somali ay magcabeen in lagu daro in dan Soomaaliyeed lagu gaadhayo. Ma oga in dalkay madaxda isugu sheegayaan iyaga ay Itoobiya iyo Kiiniya iney madax u sii noqdaan iney yeeleen.

Jabhada Kismaayo joogta ee Kiiniyaatiga abaanka u ah iyo jabahada Xamar AMISOM ku ilaashato arragti gaabnaantooda waxay moodayaan in qorshaha labadaa dawladood oo la aqbalo in ay ku kala adkaanayaan. Mid wuxuu kan kale rabaa inuu muujiyo siduu daacad ugu yahay labadaa dal. Ma dareensana labaduba in dawladnimo Soomaaliyeed qorsahan lagu baabi'inyo oo dalku inuu dego aan la rabin.

Soomaaliga wadaniga ahi waa inuu ka hortagaa qorshaha duminta iyo qaska ee Kiiniya iyo Itoobiya dhex dhigayaan labadaa jabhadooda iyo siday nacasnimadu ku jirto oo ay labadaa u adeegsanayaan.

Waa la yaab caqli yarida jabhada dawlad-ku-sheegu. Waxa ay saxiixday jabhaddaa Xassan Shiikh qof kasta oo dawlad isku sheegayaa ma aqbaleen. KU SOO DHOWAADA dawlad-jabhadeeda ah jabhada-joogtada ah.

Halkan hoose ka akhrista ciyaarta ay Kiiniya iyo Itoobiya ku ciyaaraan Soomaalida weli habka jabhadaha u dhaqmaya oo ay dawladu ku jirto.

IGADDestablization

IGAD(Only Ethiopia and Kenya) GRAND SOMALIA DESTRUCTION Strategy

Communique-20th-extra-ordinary-IGAD-SOMALIA

Ethiopia and Keny Grand Destabilization Plan For Somalia Accepted by Somalia

IGAD From Azania to Powerless Puppet Somali Government

Memorandum of Understanding between the IGAD Joint committee for the Grand Stabilization of South Central Somalia

Preamble

Considering the need for the maximization of maintaining good neighborly relations and collective measures to eliminate threats of State and human insecurities constraining regional co-operation in the sub-region;

Reaffirming their commitment to the promotion of peace, security and stability in the IGAD region in conformity with the Charters of the United Nations, the African Union and other relevant international instruments;

Aware of the fact that there is need for cooperation in stabilizing Somalia for the development of strong democratic institutions, the rule of law and order, the promotion of good governance and more generally, the implementation of post-conflict reconstruction and development and for the promotion of collective security, durable peace and stability in the country ;

Recognizing the need for closer collaboration between the neighboring countries and the government of Somalia in order to address effectively the common transnational challenges posed by the threats of terrorism and other emerging security concerns, as well as the importance of deepening relations for greater understanding and mutual benefit;

Acknowledging the IGAD Heads of State and Governments decision endorsing the IGAD Grand Stabilization Plan for South-Central Somalia and establishment of the

IGAD JOINT COMMITTEE comprising Ethiopia and Kenya to support the development of an inclusive process, in determining the political and administrative arrangements for the liberated areas and the expressed willingness and commitment of the government of Somalia to work within IGAD, framework and stabilization and recognizing the partnership engagement required for greater stability in Somalia;

, further acknowledging the emphasis given by the UN Security Council to the

importance of stabilizing the liberated areas in Somalia, promoting peace and reconciliation, law and order, the delivery of basic services and strengthening governance at district, regional, state and federal levels;

Desirous of deepening their collaboration and enhancing their capacity to collectively support the peace building processes in South Central and other parts of Somalia through the conclusion of the present Memorandum of Understanding;

Hereby agreed on the following:

Article 1

Purpose

The purpose of this MOU is to provide a framework for implementation of the Grand Stabilization plan for South central Somali in the area of peace, security and stability.

Article 2

Definitions

In this Memorandum of Understanding, unless the context requires otherwise:

“Parties” means the IGAD Joint committee made up of the respective delegations of Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. ( Dawlad-ku-sheega Xamar waxay la mida tahay deriskeeda markay noqoto agaasinka iyo dejinta dhulka ay sheeganeyso. DAWLAD KU SHEEGU ma ogyihiiin waxay saxiixayaan!!!! Ma og yihiin in dalkii dawlada looga dhigay ay laba dal oo IGAD ah ay u yeedheen oo ku darsadeen gudi ay sameysteen?)

Facilitator means the IGAD office of the Facilitator for Somalia peace and reconciliation.

“Intergovernmental Authority on Development (hereinafter referred to as IGAD) “means the Authority established under article 1A of the Agreement establishing the IGAD.

“Executive Secretary” means the Chief Executive Officer of IGAD established under article 13 of the Charter establishing IGAD;

“MOU” refers to the Memorandum of Understanding signed between the respective delegations in to the IGAD joint committee.

Article 3

Scope of Application

This Memorandum of Understanding will create a platform through which the Joint committee will cooperate in the areas they find relevant within the framework of a common consensus, in the spirit of good neighborly relations and most importantly in line with the initiatives of the IGAD.

Article 4

Objective of the MoU

The primary objective of this MoU is to strengthen the implementation of the Grand Stabilization plan by expanding the joint IGAD committee with the inclusion of the new committee members appointed by the federal government of Somalia.( Dawlad dhan ayaa qorshe itoobiya iyo kiiniya dejistay xubin ahaan loogu soo daray. Wax cad dawladu in ay qorsheeda ah in ay aqbalaan qorshaha weyn ee QASIDA( ma aha stabilization siday ku magcaabeen) ay la tahay in ay kaga adkaan karaan qolada hadda joogta KISMAAYO. Qolada Kismaayo la garay waa jabhad la soo kaxaystay oo ay ahayd in dawlada Soomaaliyeed iney isfahmaan ay tahay. Marka is fahmi waayeen dawladu garan weydey taariikhdii Itoobiya iyo Kiiniya Soomaaliya soo marisay. Waxay qalinka ku duugtay Qorshe labadaa dal dejisteen oo aanay ka fiirsan. WAA LA YAAB. )

Article 5

Areas of cooperation

The parties aim to, inter alia, and achieve the following;

(a) Facilitate Stabilization; promote peace and reconciliation and an inclusive process to determine political and administrative arrangements in the liberated areas, of south-central Somalia.

(b) Develop and implement joint strategies in the areas that are relevant to re-establishment of government institutions in an inclusive manner, security sector arrangement, rule of law and order, humanitarian/stability, and cross -border issues.

(c) To establish interim Administrations through a consultative process that will lay the foundation for the establishment of functional Regional and District governance structures.

(d) Enhance information sharing through jointly agreed mechanisms.

(e) Ensure that the Joint committee agreement is developed on the basis of mutual understanding to strengthening the coordination of political and security initiatives on the ground;.

Article 6

Cooperation and coordination

a) The parties shall cooperate mainly through direct communication and consultation as well as through the IGAD Office of the Facilitator.

b) The parties and the Executive Secretary/Facilitator shall meet regularly on the implementation of the MoU and other joint agreements.

c) The facilitator shall represent IGAD in order to facilitate the parties.

d) The parties shall be guided by the amended rules of procedure of the joint committee towards the implementation of the IGAD stabilization plan. (here in attached)

Article 7

Dispute Resolution

Any misunderstanding or difference(s) arising among the Parties from or regarding the interpretation or application of the provisions of this MoU shall be resolved amicably through dialogue.

Article 8

Amendment

The Parties shall regularly review the implementation of the Memorandum of Understanding and shall where necessary amend its provisions, by consensus.

Article 9

Commencement of the Memorandum

(a) This MoU shall enter into force upon release of the agreed report by the parties.

(b) The parties may agree to terminate this MoU upon consensus and mutual agreement at any time of its existence.

(c) The termination of this MoU shall not affect neighborly relations of the respected countries and IGAD

Waa kan qorshaha labadaa dal dejisteen ee Jabhadda Xamar aqbashay. Haddii la weydiiyo dawlada maxaad saxiixdeen ma garan karaan. Baarlamaanka Soomaaliyeed iyo gacan-yare Saacid iyaga qaad baa lagu mashquuliyey. Dhulkooda sidii la doonaa looga tashadaa.

 

IGAD Strategy on managing the liberated areas in Somalia


 

12th and 13th January 2012
Hilton Hotel, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


 

1.       The IGAD Secretariat, through the IGAD office of the Facilitator for the Somalia Peace and National Reconciliation, convened a two-day meeting on 12-13 January 2012, with the aim of articulating coordination and cooperation mechanisms and a common on-the-ground strategy that builds on and extends the current military in supporting the stabilization of Somalia. The IGAD countries have a common interest in helping bring about a stable Somalia, by combining their diplomatic, political and military strategies in support of AMISOM and TFG.

2.       The meeting was held in implementation of IGAD resolutions, including those contained in the communiqués of the 15th and 19th extraordinary sessions of the IGAD assembly of heads of state and government on Somalia and the 41st Extra-Ordinary Meeting of the IGAD Council of Ministers.

3.       The meeting was attended by officials from Ethiopia and Kenya from the Ministries and departments of Foreign Affairs, Defence and Security, representatives from DFID and the IGAD Secretariat. The meeting was chaired by the IGAD office of the Facilitator for the Somalia Peace and National Reconciliation and facilitated by an expert on Somalia. (The list of participants is attached).

4. The meeting began with a situational update by the facilitator. He noted that the current military operations could result in three possible scenarios:

· Tactical and strategic failure such as was the case with UNCTAF

·Tactical success strategic failure such as was the case with the Ethiopian intervention in 2006 where military success actually led to the rejuvenation of militants

·Tactical and strategic success which is the desired outcome

5. To achieve the desired scenario three, it was, in the opinion of the facilitator, necessary to determine and understand the theatre of operations. It would be necessary to understand community concerns and interests; clan concerns and interests; military actors and their areas of control; and the economic, political and other interest of the elite, noting that each district/ area has multiple actors and interests.

6.Following from the above and assuming the area under the control of Ethiopia and Kenya current military operations or other influence, he focused, for illustrative purposes, on the south western area of Somalia covering the regions of Middle Juba, Lower Juba and Gedo, including Kismayu. He noted that this region was the most heterogeneous area in Somalia, with multiple interests and de facto authorities, all jostling for power and control. The Ogaden, Marehan, Harti and Garre clans all have interests over Kismayu. The Harti have a historical claim to to Kismayu-having been pushed out of kismayu, the Marehan have recent economic interests while the Ogaden are divided on Kismayu. This raises such as the question as to whether the Marehan will allow the Ogaden to control of kismayu or vice versa. There is the additional issue of the minority clans being afraid of Darod hegemony. Complications further arise from the fact that the Ogaden, who occupy the hinterland of Kismayu are not united and need to be united. All these other factors have to be taken into consideration.

7. The message of the facilitator was that it was important to know the groups and their grievances to help determine stabilization policies.

8.Ethiopia noted the need for sustainable peace and security in liberated areas and the importance of a Common approach for forming administration in liberated areas, always acting within the context and understanding of Somalia. She noted that the people involved in the administration of Somalia must be able to maintain peace in the area and there thus must be a people based administration

9. Kenya noted that the insecurity arising from the Siad Barre administration's policy of irredentism brought together Kenya and Ethiopia in the 1960's. However the current problem is more serious and it was necessary to discuss what the overall strategy of the two countries towards Somalia was. Kenya stated that the Azania initiative, undertaken by Kenya, was based on the need to deal with security issues and was founded on stabilizing Somalia using a bottom up approach. The need therefore was for the two countries to agree on the broader objectives on stabilizing Somalia.

10.The facilitator noted that the bottom up approach, of having established local administrations negotiate for the next national government was at the backbone of the Kenya's initiative and the was foundation of the roadmap process. He further opined that with the end of the cold war, Somalia was no longer a strategic threat to Kenya and Ethiopia. The biggest threat to Ethiopia and Kenya from Somalia is Al shabaab, with the group controlling Kismayu and having links with the Muslim Youth Council in Kenya. Al shabaab has expanded its networks to include links with AQIM, AQAP and other violent extremist groups.

11.He further noted that Kismayu is important to Al Shabaab for both it's symbolic and financial value. Al shabaab earns approximately 70 to 100 million dollars per year (40 million from charcoal, 15 million from taxes, and the rest from external sources). Most of al shabaab networks are economic. Indeed Muktar Rubow and Ahmed Godane are linked economically. Kismayu is important for AI-shabaab, and for the south west regions including Bay, Bakool and Gedo regions.

12.In continuing with the discussion, Kenya expressed its current theatre of operations as its borderland area of lower juba, middle juba and Gedo regions. Ethiopia reiterated that both countries needed a stable Somalia and that the issue is how to set up administrations in liberated areas, which administrations needed to be all inclusive.

13.Importantly, minor and major clans must be involved in the administration and it was necessary for both countries to agree on a common formula to support in the setting up of administrations.

14.The meeting then discussed in details of inclusivity in the theatre of operations which was agreed to be Middle Juba, Lower Juba and Gedo. Issues arising out of the discussions are included here below.

15. The most influential actors in Gedo region were the TFG, ASWJ, Ethiopia and Kenya, with ASWJ receiving support from both countries.

16.The major clans for Lower Juba, Middle Juba and Gedo are the Marehan, Ogaden, Harti and other minority clans including: Hares, Gaajbeel, Bartire, Sheikal, Bajuni, Wagosha, Awrtable, Dabarre, Mirifle, Awrmale and Gelole ( all phonetic).

17. The experience from the Abdullahi Yusuf's administration is that though local clans may agree on local power and resource sharing„ the national administration may undermine such agreements, necessitating their inclusion in any such local arrangements

18.Effective respresentation requires both Clan balance and quality of representation; at regional, district and local levels.

19.The kenyan experience in seeking to establish an administration has brought forth the lessons that including all clans is important but one still has to deal with intra clan conflicts among the Darod.

20.It is important to involve key actors. In the area under discussion these include the TFG, ASWJ, AZANIA and resident clans, though it is acknowledged that all actors ultimately have relations within clans. It is that not all clans have equal strengths and that there is always dominant clan

21.It was also acknowledged that factions and Actors have played on suspicion on Kenya and Ethiopia and exploited the same. They have created the perception was that Ahmed mandobe was aligned to Ethiopia and Gadhi was aligned to Kenya. The two countries need to deal with these perceptions and show that the two leaders and their factions are not serving any Ethiopian and Kenyan agendas. This perceptions, it was agreed must be addressed.

22. To the question as to how the two countries could unite all the actors against Al­shabaab, it was noted that this would involve bringing together the Ogaden together, the Marehan and harti and assuring the minority clans in the process. In this regard it was noted that the the Ogaden are allied to AZANIA and Ras Kamboni, and are thus not united. The Marehan do not have a clearly identified group, having  a presence within the TFG, ASWJ and in the leadership off Gedo. It was noted by a participant as follows in relation to the clan dynamics and Kismayu:

· Jubaland with Kismayu as capital without the Marehan is impossible.

· If Marehan belief they can separate GEDO as a distinct administration, they would I work towards that goal, but it would not be acceptable within the wider Somalia national political climate.

·  Ethiopia and Kenya should work together to unite the Ogaden; and then bring in the Marehan, the Harti and the other clans.

23.  The question arose as to whether the AZANIA initiative, fronted by Kenya, could be the umbrella for an all inclusive framework. The initiative was seen to face a challenge of perception that it was Kenyan project to install an Ogaden administration.

24. Complicating issues further was the perception that Ethiopia would not allow Ogaden to control Kismayu, hence their support to Marehan and ASWJ.

25.  To deal with the perceptions, it was deemed necessary to bring together the two groups and pass them jointly the message that Kenya and Ethiopia have common security interests in Somalia.

26.  It was agreed on the need to identify the opinion makers, those who can carry the clans and actors along within a framework. The framework would also be the exit strategy.

27.  Kenya proposed that AZANIA could be reviewed, actors audited and it be as the framework to start things off. Azanai concept, it was added, brought together the three regions under one administration this was a viable concept because all the regions rely on the port of Kismayu. Kenya was not opposed to refocusing the framework elements, including altering the name AZANIA.

28. Ethiopia noted that it had no problem with the Azania process. It also noted that Kenya had no problem with an all inclusive process and thus there was commonality of objectives between the two countries

29.The meeting agreed that the Stabilization of the theatre of operations was to be guided by the success of the military operations, the need to secure the local population, to co-opt local elite and to establish a legitimate and broadly acceptable local authority.

30. Success of the military operations would include the degradation of the military capacities of Al Shabaab, their removal from Juba valey and their denial of revenues from Kismayu and other sources.

31.   The grand stabilization objectives are:

· The creation of a common legitimate mutually acceptable political arrangements, to ensure Somali ownership of the process and implies power and resource sharing, particular in regard to key resources like Kismayu.
 

conflict relating to clan disputes, territorial disputes, land and property disputes, intra and inter clan disputes and compensations, each requiring different types of reconciliation.

· Coordinated Security arrangements in recognition of the need to build trust within a process and grow towards unified and integrated security arrangements

·Legitimate, representative and effective local administrations or institutions both at regional and district levels.

·Commitment to engage in the national process to ensure commitment by local leadership to the national process.

·Inform and Complement military operations in recognition of the reality that stabilization objectives can direct and support military action on the ground.

 

32. To implement the grand stabilization objectives, it was agreed to establish a joint committee under IGAD to facilitate the implementation. The joint committee so established, was expected to convene a principal actors ( TFG, AWSJ, Azania, Ras kamboni, and resident Clans) conference the theatre.

33. It was agreed that the structure and mandate of the joint committee would be as follows:

·The joint committee shall consist of 13 Members, six each from both Ethiopia and Kenya and 1 member from IGAD.

·Ethiopia and Kenya shall appoint their respective Members to the committee.

·The committee shall convene under the auspices of the IGAD.

·The mandate and duration of the joint committee shall be subject to review every six months from the date of its formation or as required.

· The first meeting of the committee shall be on the 231d January 2012 in Ethiopia.

34.After deliberations, the meeting resolved that the terms of reference for the joint committee were to include the following:

· Establish its own terms of reference

· Elaborate stabilization plan based on grand stabilization objectives

· Provide strategic direction for, coordinate, facilitate and monitor delivery of the stabilization plan

·  Convene the principal actors' consultative meeting for the theatre not later than 23rd February 2012.

35. It was agreed that the joint committee would communicate to IGAD and other policy organs through the IGAD office of the Facilitator for the Somalia Peace and National Reconciliation, which was requested to the deliberation of the meeting, within the context of implementation of IGAD resolutions to the attention of the IGAD policy organs for their consideration and advice.

Additional information