THE WARSANGELI SULTANATE

EXCLUSIVE AND SPECIAL REPORT ON THE EPOCHAL WARSANGELI SULTANATE.

sultan

Kanini Evans Kariuki

THE Warsangeli Sultanate is located in Northern Somalia.

It was once one of the largest Sultanates of all times in Somalia, and, at the height of its power, it included the Sanaag region, parts of North East of Bar region.

It was established by a tribe of Warsangeli in North of Somalia, and ruled by the descendants of the Garaad Dhidhin.

BRITISH TREATY

British Treaty with the Warsangeli was totally different than the other. In it, the Warsangeli were granted full control of their territory before the recognition of their Sultanate, which had been in existence for the last six hundred years.
THE SULTAN ALIAS GARAAD IN A SECTION OF THE HORN OF AFRICA NATION
The Sultan (also known as the Garaad in some parts of Somalia), was the sole regent and government of the Sultanate. The dynasty is most often called the Garaad, or the House of North East Somaliland Sultanate.

The Sultan enjoyed many titles such as Sovereign of the House of North East of Somaliland Sultanate, Sultan of Sultans of Somaliland.
FIRST RULERS

It is worth noting that the first rulers never called themselves Sultans. The Sultan title was established by Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire in 1897.
EMINENT, POWERFUL AND CELEBRATED SULTANS
Below is the special list of the past and celebrated Sultans, who wielded immense political clout and recognition in their heydays, in some parts of Somalia:
(1) Garaad Dhidhin (1298-1311)
(2) Garaad Hamar Gale (1311-1328)
(3) Garaad Ibrahim (1328-1340)
(4) Garaad Omer (1340-1355)
(5) Garaad Mohamud (1355-1375)
(6) Garaad Ciise (1375-1392)
(7) Garaad Siciid (1392-1409)
(8) Garaad Ahmed (1409-1430)
(9) Garaad Siciid (1430-1450)
(10)Garaad Mohamud(1450-1479)
(11)Garaad Ciise(1479-1491)
(12)Garaad Ali Dable(1491-1503)
(13)Garaad Liban(1503-1525)
(14)Garaad Yuusuf(1525-1555)
(15)Garaad Mohamud(1555-1585)
(16)Garaad Abdale(1585-1612)
(17)Garaad Ali(1612-1655)
(18)Garaad Mohamud(1655-1675)
(19)Garaad Naleye(1675-1705)
(20)Garaad Mohamed(1705-1750)
(21)Garaad Ali(1750-1789)
(22)Garaad Mohamud Ali(1789-1830)
(23)Garaad Aul(1830-1870)
(24)Garaad Ali Shire(1870-1897)
(25)Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire(1897-1960)
(26)Sultan Abdul Sallan(1960-1997)
(27)Sultan Siciid Sultan Abdisalaan(1997-present day)
TAXI-BASED CENTRE

 

The Sultanate was the only Sultanate in Somalia with a taxi-based centre.
The Sultanate took great responsibility of bridging the trade between the Arabs in the Middle East, and the East African countries.
One of the prominent figures of the 17th century was Saladin Al Makhir who led the expedition to conquer North East of Ethiopia but died in this mission at Zeyla area, where the local Islands were named after him.

ERA:BENDER-KASIM WITH MAJARTEEN
The era of Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire which started from 1897, had been a serious and trying period in which he and the Akil chief Dhahar, reached an agreement of settling the dispute of Bender-Kasim with Majarteen.

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire had attempted to take over the Somaliland protectorate in January 1920 when Mohamed Abdulla Hassan, was defeated by thwe British forces.
NATIVE AUTHORITY
The Sultan of Warsangeli tried to take over the native authority but this led to his deportation to Seychelles where he spent seven years in detention.

HER MAJESTY QUEEN ELIZABETH 11
The Sultan was given a medal by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth 11 during the first tour to East Africa and Yemen.
Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire was the first founder of the United Somali party which headed the unification of Somalia.
REJECTED BRITISH OFFER

He had rejected the offer of the British for ten years to remain under British rule and develop the Sultanate.
However, while shrugging off the offer, he contended that the British had not fulfilled its agreement of 1886 of assisting the Sultanate in the sectors of education, health, roads, Justice and good governance.
CROWNED

The Sultan died in 1960 and his son Abdi Salaan Sultan was crowned as Sultan.
Later, Salaan passed on in 1997, and his son Saeed Sultan Abdi Salaan, was crowned as Sultan. Presently, he is the Sultan of the Sultanate of Warsangeli.
"THE SIMBA OF PUNTLAND"
The most prominent parliamentarian in the Somalia parliament was the highly-respected, ebullient, patriotic and charismatic "Simba of Puntland" hon Awad Ahmed Ashareh, who belongs to the Sultanate of Warsangeli that lies from North East and Southern Somalia and west of Bari region upto Boasaso.
H

on Ashareh- a high-profile and dynamic politician of longstanding, is held in high esteem internationally for his vision, eloquence, brilliance and encyclopaedic knowledge of the wide picture and turbulent political history of Somalia.
POPULATION
T

he Sultanate has a population in the lower Juba and Gedo regions. This sums up the wonderful and epic history of the Sultanate of Warsangeli.

 

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